March 25, 2017
Does Watching Fox News Kill You?
A note to forward to your uncle when you urge him to cut it out with the Fox News habit: watching Fox News might kill you.
Here's the evidence. Starting around 2000, Fox News began dominating cable news viewership with a sensationalist formula that targeted non-college-educated middle-class non-latino white viewers. Today, the NYT points out that even as conservative Republicans dominate political power in the U.S., Fox retains its uniquely apocalyptic tone, depicting the world as a relentlessly dark and dangerous place. Nobody delivers negative news more consistently than Fox.
The other meme circulating today is the remarkable finding that, since 2000, there has been a unprecedented rise in death among non-college-educated middle-class non-latino whites, driven by an explosion of suicides, alcoholism, and drug addiction. Researchers are puzzled why this phenomenon seems to affect this narrow community only.
What happened? The dominant theory is that this community has faced a sudden collapse in employment opportunities. But globalization and automation are equal-opportunity employment threats that affect blacks and latinos even more severely than whites. Job losses also do not explain why the phenomenon would begin at the height of the internet boom years with low unemployment across the economy. Why are suicides narrowly rising among this white population, and why suddenly starting in 1998? Did this group face some new specific public health danger that started at that time?
Of course they did. It is well-known that hours of TV watching is linked to depression. But more specifically, a study by Johnston and Davey found a direct link between negative-news-watching and mental health: consuming negative news stories makes you exaggerate the importance of your own personal problems, including problems completely unrelated to the news. This cognitive distortion, called catastrophizing, is linked to anxiety, depression, and - especially in those who suffer chronic pain - suicidal thoughts.
So here's the theory. Watching too much negative news when you are suffering pain can make you oversensitive to your pain (and maybe over-consume pain medication), and it can also make you suicidal. Black and Latino and college-educated populations (and whites before the launch of Fox in 1996) are inoculated from this mental health problem because they simply do not watch Fox. Unemployment alone does not explain the death rate, because it is not getting hurt and losing your job, but after that, sitting at home consuming a regular diet of Fox News, that leads you to catastrophize your personal pain. It is the combination of bad circumstances and bad news that drives you to despair, alcoholism, opioids, and suicide.
So when you get sick and are stuck at home, out of work, you should turn on Netflix and watch a fun movie to cheer yourself a bit. And knock it off with the Fox - that stuff can kill you.
Graph at the top: USW is mortality rates of non-college-educated non-latino whites in the U.S. Graph at the bottom: comparative viewership of Fox News versus other cable news outlets.
Update 2020: It turns out that watching Fox does indeed kill you. This study - https://bfi.uchicago.edu/working-paper/2020-44/ - from U Chicago found a clever setting that helps control for the fact that the Fox audience might be self-selecting. They compared viewers of Carlson and Hannity - similar audiences - but where the difference was that Hannity dismissed COVID as a fake disease, whereas Carlson took COVID seriously early in the pandemic. The result? 30% higher death rate among the Hannity audience.
Update 2021 Fox news-watching is linked to much lower vaccination rates, and presumably higher death rates. I have not seen a study on this later effect yet, but it strikes me, as we get near 800,000 dead, that the Fox news, and the Republican party at large, is killing off significant numbers of their own voters.
This is a massive human tragedy, and I not figure out any way in which what the GOP is doing makes any sense.Posted by David at March 25, 2017 10:16 AM
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